Food packaging safety is as important as the actual food stored, and this is to avoid product contamination. The sanitary of packaging tools should be considered as well since they are exposed to the development of micro-organisms that will affect both the safety and quality of the products produced. Lack of proper packaging will lead to physical damage, chemical damage or microbiological contamination.  To reduce food waste and the use of preservatives in food companies should introduce right policies in the packaging process. Here are some of the best practices to consider for food packaging to avoid product contamination.

Package types

A food product should only be stored in its specified packaging. There different kinds of containers available to a product. The main package that holds the food product at the point of sale is known as the primary packaging. There is also a secondary packaging, and this is used to combine all the primary packages into one container. The last container is the tertiary packaging which allows stress-free shipping, warehousing, and transportation of secondary packages by combining them in one pallet. All these containers should be considered to come up with safe food packaging.

The purpose of packaging

One of the most apparent reasons for packaging is for protection. Food products are susceptible since humans ingest them. Through suitable packaging, the food is protected from biological hazards, pests, physical damage, barriers like oxygen and moisture, storage, handling, and shipping.

Security is another reason for proper packaging. Protection should ensure that the food products should not be tampered with, meaning the food packaging is tamper resistant. Food packaging also helps differentiate original food products from counterfeits hence consumers can be sure of the authenticity of a product. Product tracking and tracing is another security measure for food packaging.

Another purpose for packaging is to inform consumers of information about the food product stored. The food package may be labeled, and such labels contain information on ingredients, allergen content, manufacturer’s info, nutritional info and both manufactured and best before dates.

The food packaging also acts as a container for transporting the food, and this would not have been possible if the packages were not available.

Selecting the proper packaging

Packaging materials should be bought from a reputable source. The following are guidelines for choosing the appropriate packaging materials.

The state of the food products; whether they are wet or dry. Wet products will be packed in airtight packages. Acidity and alkalinity of the food will determine the chemical properties of its packaging materials. Alcohol contents also have their unique packaging, and fat contents also have a particular type of packaging.

Safety and packaging standards and regulations

There has been a development of food safety management systems that ensure that any manufacturing of packaging that comes into contact with food is safe and hygienic. These standards are adopted by companies all over the world and should be strongly considered by food industries.

Food processing industries have a responsibility of meeting set standard and regulations and ensure everything has passed the safety target. Handling of packaging material is also crucial for the quality of the food stored.

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